The Civil War Between The Northern And Southern States Of America

After the Union was broken up by 11 Southern states, the Civil War broke out in 1861. The battle between The Northern States of America (USA) lasted until 1865. 680,000 to 800,000 men died. The Civil War was triggered by the impact of slavery, States rights as well as Lincoln’s election. It seems reasonable to start with civil war’s most prominent cause, the Civil War’s cultural perspective. Agriculture was the basis of the South’s economy.

Many believe that the South at that time was a one-crop nation. Although only two-thirds owned slaves, most Southerners were able to sustain their farms without slavery. Many Southerners felt that they didn’t get enough rights. This belief was prevalent long before the war. Although this topic is not often debated because of its importance, it caused many arguments and violent altercations.” The most striking example of this sentiment was the June 1856 speech that an abolitionist U.S. senator gave against Kansas’ pro-slavery settlers. A Southern congressman entered the Senate two days later and beat the abolitionist severely with a walking cane made of gold.

This crime is usually punished with a heavy fine and time in prison. It made the South’s congressman a hero. The Richmond Enquirer published the following editorial. They have become savage and are willing to offend gentlemen. Now, they’re a low, mean, scurvy trio, with little learning from books but as complete devoid of honor or spirit as a peck o curs. “… The truth is they’ve been allowed to run too long sans collars.

“They must be submissive…Let them learn that for every insult against the South, there will be so many stripes. They will soon be taught to behave like dogs …” (Causes in the American Civil War). This is a great summary of the many fights that occurred as tension increased between the North-South. Newspapers full scathing words and absurd fights were all around.

“Douglas was a prominent Democrat in Congress and had pushed for the passage of Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854). This declared that each territory’s voters, not the federal government, could decide whether it should be free or slave. (Abraham Lincoln). The Civil War was heavily influenced by differences between the North-South and the subsequent conflicts that were caused by them. The Northern states saw more industry and this was soon the foundation of their economy.

The advantage of having more natural resources was also a benefit for the north. When 1860 was completed, 25% of Northerners were living in urban areas and 10% of Southerners in urban areas, these differences quickly became apparent. Between 1800-1861, the proportion of agriculture-related laborers fell from 70% to 40%. With 80% of their workforce working on farms in the South, this is the most significant increase.

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